تبلیغات
مشاوره و روانشناسی - سبب شناسی افسردگی : 1 _ عوامل زیستی ( زیست شیمی )
برای بدترین انسان بد نخواه بد می بینی

:درباره وبلاگ

:آرشیو

:پیوندها

:پیوندهای روزانه

:نویسندگان

:آخرین پستها

آماروبلاگ

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پنجشنبه 3 مرداد 1392-06:14 ب.ظ



فرضیه اصلی مونو آمین درباره افسردگی ، کمبود نور آدرنالین (NA) و سروتونین

در سیناپس های مونو آمینرژیک را مطرح کرده است ولی نظریه های امروزی

بسیار پیچیده تر هستند .

نظریه های تقویت و تنبیه بر این عقیده اند که رفتارهای تقویت کننده با

سیستمهای نور آدرنالینی برانگیخته می شوند ، و در پی تجربه های ناخوشایند

، با سیستمهای سروتونینی بازداری می شوند . بیشتر فرضیه های نوین

در مورد افسردگی معتقدند که علت رخداد دوره های اختلال ، ایجاد تغییرات

در تعادل فعالیت میان سیستمهای مختلف انتقال دهنده عصبی است و کاهش

عملکرد یا بازداری ساده هریک از سیستمها نقش چندان مهمی را ایفا نمی کند .

تغییر در ریتمهای شبانه روزی  ( یا چرخه های زیستی ) که با تغییراتی در خواب

با حرکت سریع چشم (REM) مشخص میشود و همچنین تغییر فصلی در میزان

بروز اختلال ، ممکن است زیر بنای افسردگی باشند .

منبع :

اصول روان پزشکی بالینی .

نگارش و ترجمه : محمد رضا نیکخو - هامایاک آوادیس یانس

نوشته شده توسط : مهدی معتقد



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