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مشاوره و روانشناسی - سبب شناسی افسردگی : 1_عوامل زیستی (وراثت)
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آماروبلاگ

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جمعه 4 مرداد 1392-05:28 ب.ظ



ارقام به دست آمده از بررسی های دو قلوهای یک تخمکی حاکی از میزان تشابه

یا همگامی 70 درصد ، در دوقلوهای دو تخمکی 20 درصد و در دوقلوهای یک تخمکی

که جدا از یکدیگر بزرگ شده اند 66 درصد است . یافته های حاصل از بررسی

فرزند خوانده ها ( البته با تعداد نمونه کمتر ) نیز تایید گر تاثیر عوامل ارثی در سبب

شناسی این اختلال است .

بررسی های خانوادگی در مورد افراد مبتلا به اختلال یک قطبی ، نشانگر افزایش

خطر ابتلای خانوادگی به اختلال یک قطبی است و خطر کلی ابتلا برای بستگان

درجه اول حدود 7 درصد است .

افراد مبتلا به اختلال دو قطبی با افزایش خطر ابتلای خویشاوندانشان به اختلال

یک قطبی و دو قطبی روبرو هستند و خطر کلی برای بستگان درجه اول آنان 20

درصد است .

در حال حاضر گویاترین الگو توارث چند ژنی _ چند عاملی است . به عبارت دیگر ،

کروموزوم X و کروموزوم شماره 11 در پدید آیی اختلال خلقی نقش دارند .

منبع :

اصول روان پزشکی بالینی .

نگارش و ترجمه : محمد رضا نیکخو _ هامایاک آوادیس یانس

نوشته شده توسط : مهدی معتقد



نظرات() 

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